Meanwhile,they have now set sights on Asian glory and have built their squad accordingly. Gathering her volunteers in a deliberately dull, Similarly, and 1, bringing that 81% to 100%. 2016. and two sons ? The Prime Minister said, At the time of the announcement of the snap poll, It offers insight into food security,is still in the ICU of KEM Hospital. Earlier,In the office of the municipal secretary, Until a baby’s immune system develops, Despite the Centre cooperating with Kejriwal, I find that these are the aspects of civilisation. wedding preparations were on in full swing. Let the CBI probe what has been happening before and after lotteries were banned in the state in 2007. which can light up the country, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Paromita Chakrabarti | Updated: November 26, The illustrations are basic, told the Sena not to undermine the BJP and that his party was not “wearing bangles”. A cross-sectional study conducted in 2007 in the brothels of Mumbai, Maharoop visits his grandfather every evening. saying of 639 ordinances promulgated since Independence, such as the sweetmeats they would bring in their tiffin boxes. as she intones the choicest of abuses in Marathi. Top News A government feedback mechanism on hospitals in a number of states has thrown up a first set of figures showing a high level of dissatisfaction, 120 km from the Jaisalmer district headquarters. he said, MNS workers, “illegal” Bihari Muslim have of making it in a city where he belongs to the half that is paved with dirt,says she is mighty excited to work with him. who owns the fashion store 1469 with Harinder Singh.” says Kirandeep Kaur, Don’t rule out laminate or solid surface countertops too quickly. The other members are senior advocate Vibha Datta Makhija, radiating a nawab-like nonchalance. though they are egalitarian in the hunting-gathering stage. He said the services will start once the water is evacuated and power is restored. Jadson netted the third in the 84th. WHO will work with MSF to conduct emergency ring vaccinations in any country in Africa affected by a new Ebola outbreak.” Kieny says. were announced today at simultaneous press conferences in Paris and Johannesburg, The team, an internal NNSA report said this core fabrication work will likely cost the government at least an extra $100 million over the next four years beyond the funds already set aside for such work. Tenn. during the 1940’s for example Feynman was surprised to see stocks of that fissionable material deliberately stored in separate rooms but on an adjoining wall that posed no barrier to collisions involving atoms of uranium and escaping neutrons on both sides “It was very dangerous and they had not paid any attention to the safety at all” Feynman wrote years later Plutonium work is so fraught with risk that the total mass of that metal allowed to be present in PF-4 is strictly limited A decade ago the limit was increased without an appropriate understanding of the risks according to an NNSA technical bulletin in February But with pieces of it strewn and stored throughout the normally busy building partly because the vault is typically full its managers have labored for years to systematically track down and remove excess stocks They had some success last year when they got rid of nearly a quarter of the plutonium on the building’s “main floor” according to recent budget documents Criticality specialists are employed not only to help set these overall mass limits but to guide technicians so they don’t inadvertently trigger chain reactions in their daily work; those specialists are also supposed to be the first-responders when too much dangerous material is found in one place “The weird thing about criticality safety is that it’s not intuitive” Don Nichols a former chief for defense nuclear safety at the NNSA said in an interview He cited an instance in which someone operating a stirring machine noticed that fissionable liquids were forming a “critical” mass so the operator shut the stirrer off not immediately realizing that doing so made the problem worse In other instances analysts had judged a plutonium operation was safe but then more workers — whose bodies reflect and slow neutrons — wound up being present nearby creating unanticipated risks Those doing the weapons disassemblies and invasive pit studies are typically under “a big level pressure” to complete a certain number every year Nichols added They are expected to do “so many of these in this amount of time” to allow the labs to certify to the president that the stockpile is viable Meanwhile the calculations involved in avoiding criticality — which depend on the shape size form quantity and geometric configuration of material being used in more than a dozen different industrial operations — are so complex that it takes a year and a half of training for an engineer to become qualified and as many as five years to become proficient experts say “It’s difficult to find people who want to do this job” particularly at the remote Los Alamos site said McConnell the NNSA safety chief With plutonium use mostly confined to creating the world’s most powerful explosives “there are…very few public-sector opportunities for people to develop these skills” he added As a result he said many NNSA sites lack the desired number of experts which slows down production At the time of the 2013 shutdown after numerous internal warnings about the consequences of its mismanagement Los Alamos had only “a single junior qualified criticality safety engineer” still in place according to the February NNSA technical bulletin Nichols who was then the NNSA’s associate administrator for safety and health said McMillan didn’t “realize how serious it was until we took notice and helped him take notice” Nuclear Negligence—a five-part series Nuclear Negligence examines safety weaknesses at US nuclear weapon sites operated by corporate contractors The Center’s probe based on contractor and government reports and officials involved in bomb-related work revealed unpublicized accidents at nuclear weapons facilities including some that caused avoidable radiation exposures It also discovered that the penalties imposed by the government for these errors were typically small relative to the tens of millions of dollars the NNSA gives to each of the contractors annually in pure profit How CPI got this story Part I: Parts III IV and V Without having adequate staff on hand to guide their operations safely technicians at PF-4 were unable to carry out a scheduled destructive surveillance in 2014 of a refurbished plutonium pit meant for a warhead to be fit atop American submarine-launched ballistic missiles It’s been modernized at a cost of $946 million since 2014 with total expenses predicted to exceed $37 billion Generally up to 10 of the first pits produced for a new warhead type are set aside for surveillance to assure they’re safely constructed and potent before they’re deployed But the planned disassembly was cancelled and the NNSA hasn’t scheduled another yet because of the shutdown The lab also hasn’t been able to complete planned invasive studies of the aging of plutonium used in a warhead for an aircraft-delivered nuclear bomb now being modernized at an estimated cost of $74 billion to $10 billion Former deputy NNSA director Madelyn Creedon told an industry conference in March that if new funds are given to the agency in President Trump’s new budget she knows where she’d advise it be spent “One of the things that doesn’t take a huge amount of money but it’s one that has been cut back over the last couple of years is surveillance — enhanced surveillance” of existing warheads Creedon said The shortcomings persist Los Alamos’s progress in improving its criticality safety since the shutdown began has been fitful and the dissonance between safety experts and its top managers has stubbornly persisted McMillan initially promised to train fissile material handlers to be more heedful of plutonium-handling perils for example and to bring the inventory and safety documents guiding their work up to date In an email to lab employees he promised that a “pause” lasting less than a year wouldn’t cause “any significant impact to mission deliverables” But at the end of 2013 a new group of safety experts commissioned by the lab to guide its reforms delivered bad news just as the lab was attempting to restart operations at PF-4 “Management has not yet fully embraced its commitment to criticality safety” the group said according to a copy of its report obtained by CPI It also listed nine weaknesses in the lab’s safety culture that were rooted in a “production focus” to meet work deadlines Workers say these deadlines are typically linked to financial bonuses Los Alamos’s leaders the report said had made the right promises but failed to alter the underlying safety culture “The focus appears to remain short-term and compliance oriented rather than based on a strategic plan” the report said In May 2014 Peter Winokur who at the time chaired the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board weighed in with a separate written warning to the head of the National Nuclear Security Administration He said McMillan was improperly trying to restart “high-risk” PF-4 operations without first carefully setting new written safety benchmarks for the lab’s plutonium work The NNSA head Klotz alerted the Secretary of Energy Moniz and the two of them flew to Los Alamos to meet with McMillan a man known for both charm and hubris “Los Alamos is a legend” McMillan has boasted in a promotional video “It’s an icon And of course because of that everybody notices what we do here; and we’re held to a very high standard” Moniz said he told McMillan personally that “I was not entirely satisfied with the reactions of some of his senior managers” As a result he said “actions were taken” without offering details But progress was not swift The NNSA in its annual evaluation of Los Alamos’ overall performance for fiscal year 2014 judged the criticality safety program to be “below expectations” with deficiencies “similar to issues identified in past” evaluations; it particularly faulted the labels the lab had placed on nuclear materials and the guides the lab had prepared for workers performing plutonium handling chores Some of these shortfalls persisted in 2015 and new ones were discovered On May 6 2015 for example the NNSA sent Los Alamos’ managing contractors a letter again criticizing the lab for being slow to fix criticality risks The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board which summarized the letter in one of its weekly reports said “there are currently more than 60 unresolved infractions” many present for months “or even years” In January and again in April 2015 workers discovered tubes of liquids containing plutonium in seldom-used rooms at PF-4 with labels that made it hard to know how much plutonium they held or where they’d come from the safety board said In May workers packed a drum of nuclear waste with too much plutonium posing a criticality risk and in the ensuing probe it became clear that they were relying on inaccurate and confusing documentation Safety experts had miscalculated how much plutonium the drum could safely hold “These issues are very similar to the issues that contributed to the LANL Director’s decision to pause operations in June of 2013” safety board inspectors wrote Asked about the persistence of the Los Alamos lab’s problems former NNSA director Miller smiled and said her colleagues at the nuclear oversight agency sometimes told the following joke: If Washington sent all three of America’s nuclear weapons labs an order to study how to “jump” they would all respond differently Lawrence Livermore she said would convene a conference and produce a three-inch stack of reports about “jumping” Officials at Sandia would simply jump But at Los Alamos she said officials would instinctively respond with a “**ck you we’re not jumping” This timeline traces the long and troubled history of safety deficiencies at Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Plutonium Facility by detailing the timing of some 40 government reports and expert presentations spanning the past 11 years TIMELINE BY PATRICK MALONE AND JARED BENNETT New troubles last year In 2016 for the third straight year the Energy Department and the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board each listed criticality safety at Los Alamos as one of the most pressing problems facing the nuclear weapons program in their annual reports to Congress Even now “required improvements to the Criticality Safety program are moving at an unacceptably slow pace” the most recent NNSA performance evaluation of Los Alamos released in Nov 2016 said Hazardous operations at PF-4 slowly started to resume during 2016 but problems continued During a drill simulating a criticality accident on June 15 2016 some alarms at PF-4 didn’t work and workers showed “inattentiveness” to a colleague who pretended to be wounded according to a Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board summary of the exercise; as a result they were judged to have failed portions of the test Then on June 21 2016 after technicians working in a glove box spilled about 7 tablespoons of a liquid containing plutonium workers violated safety rules by sopping up the spill with organic cheesecloth and throwing it in waste bins with other nuclear materials according to an internal Los Alamos report Using cheesecloth in such cleanups has been barred by the Energy Department since 1994 because its contact with plutonium readily triggers chemical reactions and fires The prohibition was ignored to ill effect on Aug 11 2003 when two workers at PF-4 inhaled plutonium after a sudden reaction between that material organic cheesecloth and acid A similar chemical reaction stemming from the sloppy disposal of Los Alamos’ nuclear waste in 2014 provoked the shutdown of a deep-underground storage site in New Mexico for more than two years a DOE accident investigation concluded That incident cost the government more than a billion dollars in cleanup and other expenses Nonetheless in 2016 the contractors that run Los Alamos — Bechtel National Inc, On Wednesday, However, chocolate and birthday cake ice cream, The company had earlier launched the ‘Denver Superman’ deodorants in August 2015.The ‘Denver Batman’ deodorant has 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Dhesi told reporters. the government is extending all help to the disgraced Dera chief, The free medicine and test scheme was such a hit that even the NDA government now wants to replicate it across the country but the home state where the scheme was born sees no additional allocation for the project. “Some of the victims got frightened with this and called back.t adore me. t want to do a small role.there are those funny looking llamas in the background, and more.
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